Blepharitis is a common condition that causes inflammation of the eyelids. It is characterized by redness, swelling, sties, cysts, and flaky crusts at the eyelid margin and along the lash line. Symptoms also include scratchy, swollen, tender, and irritated eyes.
Various types of bacteria can cause blepharitis. It may be chronic or acute in presentation. People with skin conditions such as rosacea, acne, and eczema are more prone to have flare-ups. Poor facial hygiene can also be a contributing factor.
Types of Blepharitis
There are various types of this condition. Anterior blepharitis occurs on the outside of the eye. You may see redness, swelling, and possibly crust near the line of the eyelashes. Posterior blepharitis happens near the inside of the eyelid where it contacts the eye and can be due to problems with the lubricating meibomian glands inside the eyelids. Both forms of blepharitis require treatment to maintain appearance and eye comfort.
There are many treatment options. They include over-the-counter remedies and prescription eye drops and ointments. Occasionally, minor eyelid surgery is necessary to remove cysts when topical treatments are unsuccessful. In rare cases, ongoing treatment may be required to keep the eyes comfortable and symptom-free. Eyelid hygiene can help maintain eye comfort and appearance. Routine care includes frequent face washing, cleaning the scalp, eyelid scrubs, and sometimes doing a soak or warm compress.
Our optometrists can diagnose this eye health condition or spot other potential problems during a comprehensive eye exam. If you have any concerns about your eyes or questions about changes to your vision, please contact us or speak with us at your next appointment.